China Information and Sources
China Population Dada from the 6th Census (2011)
China Population Data (2011 Census)
population has increased to 1.37 billion, including
1.3397 billion on the mainland, the National Bureau
of Statistics (NBS) said Thursday.
The new population figure for the Chinese mainland
was 73.9 million more than that of 2000, when China
conducted its fifth national census, according to
data from the sixth census released by the NBS.
The census data shows an annual average population
growth of 0.57 percent over the past decade
(2000-2010) on the Chinese mainland, slower than the
growth rate of 1.07 percent from 1990 to 2000, said
Ma Jiantang, director of the NBS.
"The rate indicated the momentum of fast growth in
our population has been controlled effectively
thanks to the family planning policy," Ma said,
adding: "This has eased the pressure on resources
and the environment and laid a relatively good
foundation for steady and rapid economic and social
development in China."
When asked about China's family planning policy that
started in 1980, Ma said China had made great
achievements in family planning work by effectively
controlling excessive population growth.
"But we also need to pay close attention to the new
changes of our population structure, adhering to the
family planning policy while cautiously and
gradually improving the policy to promote more
balanced population growth in the country," Ma said.
He described the upward aging population trend, an
expanding floating population and the high
boy-to-girl sex ratio among newborns as three major
challenges China faced last decade.
According to the census, males accounted for 51.27
percent of the total population on the mainland,
while females made up 48.73 percent. But the
male-to-female ratio among the newborns was 118.06
for every 100 girl infants, higher than 116.86 in
"The gender ratio of 118.06 was still beyond the
normal range and we must attach great attention to
this problem and take more effective measures to
promote sex equality in terms of employment and
salary, while caring more for girls," he said.
China's mainland population living in urban areas
totaled 665.57 million, or 49.68 percent of the
total, up by 13.46 percentage points on the 2000
figure, while the population categorized as rural
population stood at 674.15 million, said the bureau.
"Judging from the migration data, our economy has
boosted its vitality over the past decade, as more
people were migrating from the inland and western
regions to the economically developed eastern
coastal areas," Ma said.
According to the NBS, the proportion of permanent
residents living in the eastern mainland regions
rose by 2.41 percentage points over the last decade
to 37.98 percent, while less people were living in
the central, western and northeastern parts.
The falling birth rate and increasing floating
population of migrant workers led to a declining
number of 3.1 persons for each core household on
average on the mainland, compared with 3.44 persons
in 2000, according to the census data.
Also, the proportion of Han Chinese residing on the
mainland had dropped to 91.51 percent, or 0.08
percentage points lower than that in 2000.
The census data shows the growth rate of the aging
population on China's mainland had increased with
people aged 60 or above accounting for 13.26
percent, while juniors aged below 14 made up 16.6 of
The census data also shows that the illiteracy ratio
on the mainland declined to 4.08 percent in 2010
from 6.72 percent in 2000.
To break down the census data by regions, Guangdong,
Shandong, Henan, Sichuan and Jiangsu provinces were
the top five largest populated regions on China's
As the world's most populous country, China launched
its month-long sixth national population census on
its mainland from Nov. 1 last year, mobilizing more
than six million census takers to go door to door
and visit over 400 million households across the
Statistics on the population in China's Hong Kong,
Macao and Taiwan were provided by authorities in
those regions in 2000. (Xinhua News April 28, 2011)