China Topics

General Information
Art & Performance
Cities & Provinces
Culture & Tradition
Diplomatic Missions
Education & School
Finance & Banking
Health & Medicine
History & Dynasties
Import & Export
Investment & Stock
IT & Computer
Law & Justice
Map & Atlas
Media & Publication
Military & Army
People & Society
Personal & Hobby
Real Estates
Reference & Library
Science & Tech.
Shopping & Auction
Sports & Recreation
Statistics & Data 
Travel & Tour
Who's Who
Back to HOME



China Information and Sources
China Population Dada from the 6th Census (2011)

China Population Data (2011 Census)
 China's population has increased to 1.37 billion, including 1.3397 billion on the mainland, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said Thursday.

The new population figure for the Chinese mainland was 73.9 million more than that of 2000, when China conducted its fifth national census, according to data from the sixth census released by the NBS.

The census data shows an annual average population growth of 0.57 percent over the past decade (2000-2010) on the Chinese mainland, slower than the growth rate of 1.07 percent from 1990 to 2000, said Ma Jiantang, director of the NBS.

"The rate indicated the momentum of fast growth in our population has been controlled effectively thanks to the family planning policy," Ma said, adding: "This has eased the pressure on resources and the environment and laid a relatively good foundation for steady and rapid economic and social development in China."

When asked about China's family planning policy that started in 1980, Ma said China had made great achievements in family planning work by effectively controlling excessive population growth.

"But we also need to pay close attention to the new changes of our population structure, adhering to the family planning policy while cautiously and gradually improving the policy to promote more balanced population growth in the country," Ma said.

He described the upward aging population trend, an expanding floating population and the high boy-to-girl sex ratio among newborns as three major challenges China faced last decade.

According to the census, males accounted for 51.27 percent of the total population on the mainland, while females made up 48.73 percent. But the male-to-female ratio among the newborns was 118.06 for every 100 girl infants, higher than 116.86 in 2000.

"The gender ratio of 118.06 was still beyond the normal range and we must attach great attention to this problem and take more effective measures to promote sex equality in terms of employment and salary, while caring more for girls," he said.

China's mainland population living in urban areas totaled 665.57 million, or 49.68 percent of the total, up by 13.46 percentage points on the 2000 figure, while the population categorized as rural population stood at 674.15 million, said the bureau.

"Judging from the migration data, our economy has boosted its vitality over the past decade, as more people were migrating from the inland and western regions to the economically developed eastern coastal areas," Ma said.

According to the NBS, the proportion of permanent residents living in the eastern mainland regions rose by 2.41 percentage points over the last decade to 37.98 percent, while less people were living in the central, western and northeastern parts.

The falling birth rate and increasing floating population of migrant workers led to a declining number of 3.1 persons for each core household on average on the mainland, compared with 3.44 persons in 2000, according to the census data.

Also, the proportion of Han Chinese residing on the mainland had dropped to 91.51 percent, or 0.08 percentage points lower than that in 2000.

The census data shows the growth rate of the aging population on China's mainland had increased with people aged 60 or above accounting for 13.26 percent, while juniors aged below 14 made up 16.6 of the total.

The census data also shows that the illiteracy ratio on the mainland declined to 4.08 percent in 2010 from 6.72 percent in 2000.

To break down the census data by regions, Guangdong, Shandong, Henan, Sichuan and Jiangsu provinces were the top five largest populated regions on China's mainland.

As the world's most populous country, China launched its month-long sixth national population census on its mainland from Nov. 1 last year, mobilizing more than six million census takers to go door to door and visit over 400 million households across the country.

Statistics on the population in China's Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan were provided by authorities in those regions in 2000. (Xinhua News April 28, 2011)

china map, buy china map, all kinds of china maps, china atlas, china wall map, china travel map, buy china map online, where to buy china map

Meet your Chinese friends in the global village.

Related China Population Links









| General InformationChina Hot Topics China Provinces & Cities | China Funny Pictures | China Investment | China Import /Export | China Travel | China Art | China Education | China Law | China Military | China Organizations China Finance | - a China Information Base Since 1995


This web site is created by InfoPacific Development Inc. and jointly managed by InfoPacific Development Inc. (Canada) and Kompass (China) Information Service Co. Ltd. This site is frequently updated and permanently "under construction". All rights reserved.

  • Contact Please send your email to

  • Advertisement on this website?  Please  CLICK HERE. Customers in China, please call our China Office in Beijing at: (86-10) 6424 8799 and (86-10) 6424-8801.


All the information provided in this website is collected from official, unofficial sources and for your informational purposes only. disclaims all liability or responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the information provided in this website and the opinions by publications related to this website do not necessarily reflect the views of or any of its affiliates.