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China Information and Sources:
Chinese Government Related Information

Note: This is an UNOFFICIAL site providing information regarding the Chinese Government and related topics. All the information published in this page is collected from both official and unofficial sources. All the content in this page is for your informational purpose only.


South Gate of Zhongnanhai - Headquarters of Chinese Government
Note: Wall Banner on the left-hand side: "Long Live the Great Chinese Communist Party!"
Wall Banner on the right-hand side: "Long Live the Invincible Mao Zedong Thought!"

Top Government Officials

 

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List of Cabinet Level Agencies and Ministers

Ministries and Commissions under the State Council

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of National Defense
National Development and Reform Commission
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Science and Technology
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
State Ethnic Affairs Commission
Ministry of Public Security
Ministry of State Security
Ministry of Supervision
Ministry of Civil Affairs
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
Ministry of Land and Resources
Ministry of Environmental Protection
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
Ministry of Transport
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Commerce
Ministry of Culture
National Health and Family Planning Commission
People's Bank of China
National Audit Office

Special Organization directly under the State Council

State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council

Organizations directly under the State Council

General Administration of Customs
State Administration of Taxation
State Administration for Industry and Commerce
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
State Administration of Radio, Film and Television
General Administration of Press and Publication (National Copyright Administration)
General Administration of Sport
State Administration of Work Safety
National Bureau of Statistics
State Forestry Administration
State Intellectual Property Office
National Tourism Administration
State Administration for Religious Affairs
Counsellors' Office of the State Council
Government Offices Administration of the State Council
National Bureau of Corruption Prevention

Administrative Offices under the State Council

Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council
Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council
Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council
Research Office of the State Council

Institutions Directly under the State Council

Xinhua News Agency
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Chinese Academy of Engineering
Development Research Center of the State Council
China National School of Administration
China Earthquake Administration
China Meteorological Administration
China Banking Regulatory Commission
China Securities Regulatory Commission
China Insurance Regulatory Commission
State Electricity Regulatory Commission
National Council for Social Security Fund
National Natural Science Foundation
 
 
Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council
Information Office of the State Council
State Archives Administration

Administrations and Bureaus under the Ministries & Commissions

State Bureau for Letters and Calls (Brief intro)
State Administration of Grain
National Energy Administration
State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence
State Tobacco Monopoly Administration
State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs
State Bureau of Civil Servants
State Oceanic Administration
State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping
Civil Aviation Administration of China
State Post Bureau
State Administration of Cultural Heritage
State Food and Drug Administration
State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine
State Administration of Foreign Exchange
State Administration of Coal Mine Safety
National Administration for the Protection of State Secrets
State Cryptography Administration
China National Space Administration
China Atomic Energy Authority
State Language Commission
National Nuclear Safety Administration
Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macao)
Hong Kong (HKSAR) Government Information
Macau (MSAR) Government Information
Government Related Links
  • President of People's Republic of China

The President and Vice-President of the People's Republic of China are elected by the National Peolpe's Congress. Their term of office is five years.

The President, in pursuance of the decisions of the National Peoples's Congress and its Standing Committee, promulgates statutes, appoints or removes the Premier and other members of the State Council, confers state medals and titles of honor, issues orders of special pardons, proclaims martial law, proclaims a state of war, issues mobilization orders, receives foreign diplomatic representatives on behalf of the People's Republic of China, appoints or recalls plenipotentiary representatives abroad, and ratifies or abrogates treaties and important agreements concluded with foreign states.

The Vice-President assists in the work of the President and may perform the functions and exercise that powers of the President as may be deputed by the President. In case the office of the President falls vacant, the Vice-President will succeed to the office of the President.

The current president is Hu Jintao

  • The State Council and Local Governments

The State Council of the People's Republic of China, that is, the Central People's Government, is the highest state administrative organ. It enforces that laws and decisions formulated and approved by the National People's Congress and it s Standing Committee, to which it is responsible and accountable. Within the limits of its power and functions, it has the power to adopt necessary administrative measures and regulations, and issue orders.

The Premier takes overall responsibility for and directs the work of the State Council. He calls and presides over executive and plenary meetings of the State Council. Members of the executive meetings are the Premier, Vice-Premiers, State Councilors and the Secretary-General. Plenary meetings are attended by the Premier, Vice-Premiers, State Councilors, the Secretary-General, ministers in charge of ministries and commissions and the Auditor-General. Decisions on major issues concerning the work of the State Council must be discussed and approved either at the executive meetings or the plenary meetings of the State Council.

The State Council exercises unified leadership over the work of the ministries and commissions and the local governments at different levels. It directs and administers affairs of economy, finance, banking, commerce, education, science, culture, public health, physical culture, family planning, public security, urban and rural development, judicial administration and supervision. In addition it is responsible for the strengthening of national defense, and conducts foreign and civil affairs as well as affairs concerning the nationalities and overseas Chinese.

  • Chinese Local Government:

Beijing City Government

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Pictures: Luxury Chinese Local Government Office Buildings
Question: if local government is out of control in spending tax payers' money?

 
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Chinese Government Useful Links
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Special Reports from Official Media
China's civil servants exam attracts 1.3 mln applicants - More than 1.3 million people have been accepted to sit China's 2011 national service examination to select government officials after online registration closed late Sunday.

They included 327,000 applicants competing for posts in central government and provincial-level organizations, said a statement on the website of the State Administration of Civil Service (SACS).

Of those, 191,000, or 58.4 percent, had at least two years experience working in "grassroots" positions, said the statement.

Another 794,000 were for vacancies at institutions of county-level or below, with 57.2 percent of them new college graduates.

Some 168,000 more applicants were awaiting for results from recruiting bodies who would decide by 6 p.m. Tuesday whether they were qualified to sit the exam.

The written test of the 2011 national civil service examination is to be held on Dec. 5 in major cities across China.

The annual nationwide test, sat by 927,000 people last year, continues to be seen as a route to a stable job and enviable benefits in China, where every year 6 million college graduates join the labor force.

The central government plans to recruit more than 16,000 public servants next year, 1,000 more than in 2010.

In a move to reform the civil service exam, the government has decided to offer more vacancies to applicants with at least two years of grassroots experience and to reserve vacancies for college graduates with experience as village officials, as well as workers and farmers.

Among this year's qualified applicants, just 171 are workers and farmers running for reserved vacancies in customs, state taxation and railway police at county-level or below.

In its earlier statements, the SACS did not specify the exact number of reserved vacancies for workers and farmers.
(2010-10-25 xinhua)

Six advantages of China's political system (source: China Daily)

China embraces government websites boom
More than 45,000 government websites have been set up in China amid growing awareness of promoting information transparency, official figures showed. Websites had become an important platform for governments at various levels to disclose information and interact with the public, said Lu Shiche, chairman of China Information Industry Association at a forum here Sunday. China initiated the government website construction campaign in1999. The Ministry of Defense is the latest ministry to open its official website. In the three months after its opening on Aug. 20,total visits hit 1.25 billion. (Dec. 6, 2009 Xinhua)

China posts annual government budget online for first time

China launches website to encourage public supervision of official appointment - Xinhua

China civil servant application website jammed for overload. Xinhua News

News: China adds government department for charity activities.
BEIJING, Sept. 11, 2008 -- A new department to promote charity and social welfare was set up on Thursday under China's Ministry of Civil Affairs. The department would deal with welfare lottery, charity activities, donations and welfare projects for the elderly, disabled and children, a ministry statement said. "We will work to boost the charity cause in China and contribute to the country's social security system," said Wang Zhenyao, the new department's director. The department will draft rules on volunteers affairs and work on a nationwide volunteer network. It is also entrusted to make a regulation on running the welfare lottery and managing the welfare fund raised through the lottery. It will work out plans on how to spend the money on charity programs. (Xinhua)

Report: China state executive posts attract rising number of applicants. Xinhua

 

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5 railway officials in China fired after crash. May 4, 2008
BEIJING (AP) — China's government has fired five railway officials after last week's train crash that killed 72 people and injured hundreds of others, a state-run news agency reported Sunday. The officials made mistakes that "directly caused the disaster," the official Xinhua News Agency said. Investigators blamed excessive speed for China's worst train accident in a decade, when a high-speed passenger train jumped its tracks and slammed into another in rural Shandong province on Monday. The five officials in the Jinan Railway bureau were in charge of the section of track outside Zibo city where the crash happened, Xinhua said. State media reported an order was issued the day of the accident to reduce speed in the area because of construction on a new rail line. The instructions were not clearly relayed to the train's operators and other rail staff. The accident was the worst train crash in China since 1997, when another collision killed 126 people.

China issues landmark decree to encourage government transparency
People's Daily, April 24,2007 - The State Council, China's cabinet, on Tuesday issued what some commentators are calling a milestone regulation to boost official transparency by ordering government departments to be more open in reporting information. The decree, signed by Premier Wen Jiabao, is likely to become the country's most specific and progressive set of rules encouraging the release of government information, when it takes effect on May 1, 2008. (
Click for full report.)

Inspection System Targets Corrupt Officials
China Daily July 28, 2006 - China has set up an inspection tour system to check the performance of government officials and state-owned enterprises' managers, an official with the Communist Party of China's discipline sector said yesterday at a news conference in Beijing. Gan Yisheng, secretary-general and spokesman with the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC, said the commission has so far completed inspection tours of 31 provincial governments, four state assets management corporations and nine state-controlled banks. The provincial governments have also respectively established their inspection tour system to check local governments and state-owned enterprises. More than 10,000 government officials were held liable by 11 provincial-level and 18 major city governments in the first half of this year in a national campaign against slack administrative law enforcement. (Click for full report.)

Chinese govt launches English Web portal
Xinhua News, Beijing, Nov. 22 - Gov.cn, the official web portal of the Central People's Govern ment of the People's Republic of China, launched today on a trial basis its English version, English.gov.cn. English.gov.cn is the gateway to a wealth of Chinese government resources. Visitors can browse under a variety of topics such as "China Today," "China and World," "Official Publications," "Press Briefings," "Leaders Highlights" and "Laws and Regulations." They can also access "Services for Non-Residents" to find out about investment in China, travel tips, children adoption and lots more. The official website presently provides authoritative and up-to-date information on the Chinese government, and its programs, initiatives and services, as well as facts about China. It will continuously increase the content of information and services in the future. The launch of English.gov.cn serves as a catalyst for the world to have a better understanding of China's foreign policies, its role in international arenas and achievements in national construction, as well as an accelerator for a greater influx of foreign investments into and visitors to China. Gov.cn began trial run on October 1, and will be officially launched on January 1, 2006. It now has three versions: simplified Chinese, traditional Chinese and English.

 

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