General Chi, born in July, 1929; native of Zhaoyuan, Shandong Province; joined army in July, 1945; joined Communist Party of China (CPC) in October, 1946.
Chi started from a copy clerk, signalman and squad leader in his teens, and rose to serve as company and battalion officers in Third Field Army before New China was founded in 1949, participating in a number of major campaigns.
From 1950-1955, served as battalion instructor and director of a regimental political department of the Chinese People's Volunteers.
Studied at Infantry School of People's Liberation Army (PLA) and Combination Department of PLA Military College From 1958-1960.
Served then as reginmental political department director, regimental political commissar, division political department director and division political commissar in 27th Corps in late 1960s and early 1970s.
Also served as leading official in Liberation Army Daily, deputy editor-in-chief of the People's Daily and deputy political commissar of Beijing Military Area Command in 1970s.
Between 1977-1992, Chi worked as deputy chief of the PLA General Staff, political commissar of Jinan Military Area Command, member of Central Military Commission and chief of PLA General Staff.
He served as member of Central Military Commission, state councillor and minister of national defense, 1992-1995.
Since 1995, he been serving as vice-chairman of Central Military Commission, state councillor and minister of national defense.
He was member of 12th, 13th and 14th CPC Central Committees, and a member of Political Bureau of 15th CPC Central Committee. Mr. Chi was also state councillor in cabinet led by Zhu Rongi.
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