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Home China Parties and Organizations Chinese Communist Party (CPC, CCP) 


China Information and Sources
The Communist Party of China (CPC, CCP)

The earliest Chinese Communist Party Online Information Source
 

Important Note: This information page is the earliest online source regarding Chinese Communist Party. It was officially launched in October of 1997. All information and statistics published in this page are collected from different official and unofficial sources. The content of this page is for your informational purpose only, and do not necessarily reflects the views of ChinaToday.com  or any of its affiliates.

Organizational Chart of the Chinese Communist Party Central Leading Bodies (source: xinhua.net)

organizational structure charter of the chinese communist party

Zhongnanhai - Headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party


Zhongnanhai, Beijing - Headquarters of CPC and Chinese Government
Wall Banner on the left-hand side: "Long Live the Great Chinese Communist Party!"
Wall Banner on the right-hand side: "Long Live the Invincible Mao Zedong Thought!"

Brief Introduction of the Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC) was founded on July 1, 1921 in Shanghai, China. After 28 years of struggle, the CPC finally won victory of "new-democratic revolution" and founded the People's Republic of China in 1949. The CPC is the ruling party of mainland China (P.R. China).

The Communist Party of China is founded mainly on ideology and politics. The CPC derives its ideas and policies from the people's concentrated will and then turns that will into State laws and decisions which are passed by the National People's Congress of China through the State's legal procedures. Theoretically, CPC does not take the place of the government in the State's leadership system. The Party conducts its activities within the framework of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the law and has no right to transcend the Constitution and the law. All Party members, like all citizens in the country, are equal before the law.

The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, held in December 1978, decided to shift the focus of the Party's work to socialist modernization and set a policy of reform and opening up to the outside world.

Any Chinese who has reached the age of 18, accepts the Party's Program and Constitution and is willing to join and work actively in one of the Party organizations, carry out the Party's decisions and pay membership dues regularly, may apply for membership of the CPC. Its membership increased from 70 in 1921 to over 66 million in 2002.

The highest leading body of the Party is the National Congress and the Central Committee elected by it. The National Congress of the Party is held once every five years and convened by the Central Committee.

 

Basics of the Communist Party of China

  • Date of Establishment: July of 1921

  • Place of Establishment: Shanghai, China

  • General Secretary of the Central Committee: Xi Jinping (Elected on18th Party's National Congress)


Xi Jinping

  • Motto: Seeking Truth From the Facts

  • Ultimate Goal: Establishment of a communist social system

  • Flag and Emblem: (click for details)

    the flag of the communist party of china
     

  • Guiding Ideology: Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought

  • Total Number of Party Members: 82.6 million (Dec. 2011)

  • Total Number of Branches: Over 3.3 millions (grass-roots branches)

  • The Party's Constitution: The Constitution of the Communist Party of China

  • The Party's Publications:  

    • Renmin Ribao (People's Daily), the organ newspaper of the CPC Central Committee with circulation of 2.8 million in 2011 (2.3 million in Dec. 1999) Editor in Chief: Mr. Cai Mingzhao (2012); Director: Mr. Zhang Yannong (2012). 

    • Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth), the CPC's theoretical publication. The theoretical magazine used to be named Hong Qi (Red Flag).

  • The Major Organizations Under Central Committee:

  • Total Number of Branches: Over 3.3 millions (grass-roots branches)

The CCP's 18th National Congress Leadership

  • Political Bureau of 18th National Congress: 

    Members of Standing Committee of Political Bureau:
    Xi Jinping
    , Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, Zhang Gaoli

    Members of Political Bureau
    (alphabetically listed)  Fan Changlong, Guo Jinlong, Han Zheng, Hu Chunhua, Ma Kai, Li Jianguo, Li Keqiang, Li Yuanchao, Li Zhanshu,  Liu Qibao, Liu Yandong (female), Liu Yunshan, Meng Jianzhu, Sun Chunlan (female), Sun Zhengcai, Wang Huning, Wang Qishan, Wang Yang, Xi Jinping,  Xu Qiliang, Yu Zhengsheng, Zhang Chunxian, Zhang Dejiang, Zhang Gaoli, Zhao Leji.
     

  • The Secretariat of the 18th Central Committee of the CPC (They were nominated by the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 18th CPC Central Committee and approved at the first plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee.) Members: Liu Yunshan, Liu Qibao, Zhao Leji, Li Zhanshu, Du Qinglin, Zhao Hongzhu, Yang Jing (Mongolian).
     

  • Central Military Commission:
    Chairman:
    Xi Jinping
    Vice Chairmen: Fan Changlong, Xu Qiliang

    Members: Chang Wanquan, Fang Fenghui, Zhang Yang, Zhao Keshi, Zhang Youxia, Wu Shengli, Ma Xiaotian, Wei Fenghe
     

  • Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC: Chief: Wang Qishan, total members: 130 people
     

  • Central Committee of the CPC: total members 205
     

  • Total Alternate Members of Central Committee: total members 171

All National Congresses of the Chinese Communist Party

Session

Date

Venue

Top Leaders

18th

Nov. 8-14, 2012

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

17th

Oct. 15 -21, 2007

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

16th

Nov. 7-15, 2002

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

15th

Sept.12-19, 1997

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

14th

Oct.12-18, 1992

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

13th

Oct. 25-Nov. 1, 1987

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

12th

Sept. 1-11, 1982

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

11th

Aug. 12-18, 1977

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

10th

Aug. 24-28, 1973

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

9th

Apr. 1-24, 1969

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

8th

Sep. 15-27, 1956

Beijing

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

7th

Apr.23-Jun.11, 1945

Yanan

Secretariat of Central Committee

6th

Jun.18-Jul. 11, 1928

Moscow*

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

5th

Apr. 27, 1927

Wuhan

Standing Committee of Poli-bureau

4th

Jan. 11-22, 1925

Shanghai

Central Bureau of Standing Committee

3rd

Jun. 10-20, 1923

Guangzhou

Central Bureau

2nd

Jul. 16-23, 1922

Shanghai

Executive Committee

1st

Jul. 1-5, 1921

Shanghai

Representatives

*USSR

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Related Pictures: the Largest CPC flag

the largest chinese communist party flag in china
This picture shows the largest Chinese Communist Party Flag ever made
(Size 960 Square Meters)

flag of the chinese communist party, the largest one in the world
Location: Museum of "Without the Communist Party there wouldn't be New China", Tangshang Village, Xiayunling Township, Fangshan District, Beijing (click for enlargement of this picture)

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Aug. 8, 2007 - Wearing bamboo hats and drab grey uniforms with rice bags slung across their shoulders, a group of men and women trudge along a narrow mountain path under the scorching sun, their clothes soaked in sweat.It looks like a scene from China's wartime past in the first half of last century or a re-enactment for a film. But it is in fact the Communist Party of China's (CPC) latest team-building and motivational course for senior government officials. It also has the wider purpose of discouraging corruption and arrogance before they start.
(Click the news title for full report.)

2.86 mln Communist Party members work in China's private sector

Source: Xinhua July 12, 2007 - About 2.86 million members of the Communist Party of China (CPC) were working for private enterprises by the end of 2006, according to the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee.

There were also 810,000 CPC members among the ranks of the self-employed, said a document released by the department here Thursday.

There were a total of 178,000 CPC organs in private firms in 2006, a rise of 79.8 percent over 2002, and 94.2 percent of them had at least three Party members.

At its 16th National Congress held in Beijing in 2002, the CPC took a significant step forward by including in its constitution provisions relating to party organs in the private sector.

Early this year the organization department said that about 330,000 Party workers have been sent to private enterprises to help organize party organs and recruit members.

The CPC now has 70 million members.

Wal-Mart China sees second Communist Party branch
Xinhua, Aug. 25, 2006 - A second outlet of the world's largest retailer, Wal-Mart, has seen the establishment of a branch of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in Shenyang, capital of northeast China's Liaoning Province. (Click for full report)

Local Party committees in 14 provinces reshuffled
Xinhua News - Jan. 16, 2007 - Fourteen of the 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities on the Chinese mainland had reshuffled local Party committees following internal elections for Party officials by last December. The number of deputy Party chiefs in the local Party committees was cut by 38 to 33, a display of the Party's determination to improve efficiency and strengthen ruling capacity, according to the Organization Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Positions in the standing committees of local Party committees were also reduced by eight to 186, with the average age of members down by half a year to 52.7-years-old. There are now 56 members aged below 50 and 21 members aged around 45 in the standing committees of local Party committees, and at least one woman cadre in most of the 14 provincial Party committees. In contrast to the general efforts to streamline Party organizations, posts in the Party's discipline inspection commissions were increased by 24.6 percent. "It will help discipline inspection sectors to perform their duties better," said an official with the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee. Local Party leadership elections, which occur every five years, have been completed at the provincial, municipal, county and township levels, in Tibet, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Henan, Anhui, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Hunan, Hebei, Yunnan, Guangxi, Fujian and Jiangxi. The election of Party officials in other regions and jurisdictions will be completed by the middle of this year.

Official Coverage of 17th Communist Party Congress (People's Daily)

Official Coverage of 17th Communist Party Congress (Xinhua News)

Stefan Landsberger's Chinese Propaganda Poster Pages

How delegates to 17th CPC National Congress elected?

Special Information Link: The End of the Long March - 70 Years On

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The Communist Party of China (CPC): Chinese Communist Party's Official Introduction

The Communist Party of China (CPC) Official introduction from CPC's newspaper People's Daily

China Official Link: About Chinese Communist Party

CPC sets date for Central Committee plenum
Xinhuanet, Sep. 29, 2005 - The fifth plenary session of the 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) will be held in Beijing from Oct. 8 to 11. The decision was made by the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee at a meeting held here on Thursday. (click for full report)

CPC Official Hot Link: The Chinese Communist Party's 16th National Congress

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china daily e newspaper
Now available on


 

Chinese Communist Party's News Release
Official News Source of the Communist Party of China (English Version)

Other Language Versions News Sources of the Communist Party of China's

Facts & Figures: Chinese Communist Party
  • Total Numbers of Chinese Communist Party
Year Total CPC Members Remarks
2011 82.602 million (Dec.)
2010 80.269 million (Dec.)
2009 77.995 million (Dec.)
2007 73.36 million (Oct.)
2005 70.80 million (Dec.)
2002 66.355 million (June)
2001 65.749 million  
2000 64.517 million  
1999 63.221 million  
1998 61.877 million  
1997 60.417 million  
  • By the end of 2011, the total members of CPC reached 82.602 million, a  2.9% (2.233 million) increase over 2010. There were 4.027 million CPC's  branches in all levels of the Party system by the end of 2011, a 3.5% (135,000) increase over 2010.
What Are Members Composed of?
Member Number %
Female Members 19.25 million 23.3
From Ethnic groups 5.562 million 6.7
Above college degree 31.913 million 38.6
Under 35 years old 20.622 million 25
 

-------------------------------------------

What are Party Members Doing?
Careers Members
Industrial Workers 7.047million
Workers in agriculture, animal husbandry and fishing 24.834 million
Government/CPC Employees 6.999 million
Management & Professionals 19.25 million
Students 2.778 million
Retirees 15.182 million
Others 6.513 million

*Communist Party of China 2011 information. Source; Xinhua

  • By the end of 2010, the total members of CPC reached 80.269 million, a 2.27 million increase over the last year (excluding those dead during this period). Among them worker members are 7 million and farmer members are 24 million. (source: CPC Organization Dept. June 2011)
  • By the end of 2009, Chinese Communist Party has 77.995 million members, a 2.065 million increase over the last year. Among these members, females (16.94 million) share 21.7% of total CPC members; Ethnic minority members (5.13 millions) share 6.6%. 35.7% of CPC members (27.87 million) have college or higher education background. Total number of CPC branches (grass-roots branches are called zhi'bu in Chinese) 3.374 million.

CPC Members' age distribution

Age Members % of Total
Below 35 18.47 million 23.7%
36-45 16.88 million 21.6%
46-59 22.84 million 29.3%
Over 60 19.81 million 25.4%

CPC Members' career distribution

Careers Members
Industrial Workers 6.94million
Workers in agriculture, animal husbandry and fishing 24.02 million
Government/CPC Employees 6.6 million
Management & Professionals 17.73 million
Students 2.27 million
Retirees 14.53 million
Others 5.92 million

(Source: People's Daily June 28, 2010, translated by CT)

  • By the end of 2007, Chinese Communist Party has 74.153 million members. Among these members, female shares 20.4%, and 32.4% members have college or higher education, and 23.7% members are below 35 years old. (July 1, 2009)
     
  • Total Number of Branches: Over 3.3 millions (grass-roots branches)
  • 2005 Statistics: Total members of CPC: 70.80 million. Among those members, 19.2% were female; 23% were below 35 years old. 29% had received college education.
     
  • 2002 Statistics: Total members of CPC: 66.36 million. Among those members: 16.6% (10.29 million) are female; 6.1% (3.79 million) are minority people; 23.1% of them (14.28 million) are under 35 years old; 4.6% of them (2.86 million) are under 25 years old; 47.2% (29.19 million) of them are high-school graduates (among them, 17.8% have college or university degrees; 0.5% (310,000) with graduate degrees). In 1998 alone, 2.26 million people are newly enrolled into the Party.

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