Whuan, the capital of
Hubei province, lies at the
confluence of the Yangzi and Han Rivers, roughly midway between
Beijing and Guangzhou. The city is comprised of three towns –
Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang – facing each other across the rivers
and linked by several bridges.
The area was first settled more than 3,000 years ago in the Han
Dynasty, when Hanyang became a busy port. In the first and third
centuries A.D., walls were built to protect Hanyang and Wuchang.
About 300 years ago, Hankou became one of the country's top four
In the early 20th century, Wuhan became a hot spot of revolutionary
activities. In 1911, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen led a revolution that overthrew
the Qing Dynasty. There are many memorial structures devoted to the
revolutionaries, such as the Red Building, which housed the National
Revolutionary Army Government in the 1911 Movement, the Monument to
the Martyrs of the February 7 Strike and the Central Peasant
Tourist Attractions in Wuhan
Yellow Crane Tower (Huanghelou)
Located on the south bank of the Yangzi River, the Yellow Crane
Tower is perhaps China's most badly treated historical monument. It
is said to have been built in 333 during the Three Kingdoms period.
In the centuries that followed, it was destroyed and rebuilt several
times. In history, the tower inspired many poets and artists. It was
last rebuilt in 1983.
The East Lake (Donghu Lake)
Located in the eastern suburb of Whchang and covering an area of 87
square kilometers, of which 33 square kilometers are water surface,
it is famous for its blue water, a rich variety of aquatic birds, a
large number of pleasure boats and fishing boats, and elegant
pavilions and flower garden. Places like the Mid-Lake Pavilion,
Nine-Girls Mount, Moshan Hill, Xing Yin Pavilion and Qu Yuan
Memorial Hall are among the best attraction.
A trip to Wudan Mountains is a very worthwhile outing from Wuhan.
Located in Junxian County, western Hubei, covering an area of 400
square kilometers, Wudang is an ancient sacred Taoist shrine.
The first Taoist temple there, the "Five Dragon Temple, " was built
1,300 years ago in the Tang Dynasty. In the 15th century, the Ming
court sent 300,000 soldiers and workers there to build 160
monasteries, temples, pavilions and other structures. It took more
than 10 years to complete the construction. It then became a major
center of Taoism. Although many of the old structures deteriorated
in the ensuing centuries, there are still many well-preserved
The mountains are also linked with a school of martial arts. It is
said that Taiji boxing was invented there by a Taoist priest.