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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Guangdong Province
 

China City and Province Information
Guangdong Province

 
Guangdong Province


location of guangdong province
 Location of Guangdong Province

Area:   186,000 square km
Population:   86.42 million (2006)
Capital City:   Guangzhou
Local Time  
Geography of Guangdong
Bordering on the South China Sea, Guangdong is China’s southern most provinces with a coastline of over 4,300 kilometres. It consists of the continental part and off-shore Island and reefs, including Hainan Island and the South China Sea Islands. The province covers an area of more than 212,000 square kilometres and has a population of 86.42 million (2006). The region is inhabited by people of the Han, Li, Yao, Zhuang, Miao, Hui, Manchu and She nationalities. Guangdong Province's capital is Guangzhou.
 
Climate of  Guangdong
Guangdong has tropical and subtropical monsoon climate with long time summer and abundant rainfall. The Leizhou Peninsula is in the tropical zone.

Since Guangdong province is located in the low latitude area and faces the South China Sea, it's tropical and subtropical climates.

The Guangdong's average temperature of spring is about 20°C; summer is 28°C (82 °F) ; autumn is 25°C (77 °F); winter is 12°C (54 °F). There are many typhoons in summer and autumn.

Between April and September is the rainy seasons, with an annual average rainfall of 1,500-2,000mm. The Pearl River Delta is where "there is no snow in three winters and flowers blossom all year around". The spring and autumn are the best seasons for traveling in Guangdong.
 

Brief History of Guangdong Province
Situated to the south of the Nanling Mountains, Guangdong was developed much late than the central plains. The region was occupied by the 500,000 troops sent by the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty soon after he had conquered the 6 independent states in 221 BC. It was then divided into three prefectures, namely, Guilin, Nanhai, and Xiang. The prefectural government of Nanhai was located at Panyu(Guangzhou). In the Tang Dynasty, Panyu became an important trade centre. After the first Opium War of 1840, Guangdong was gradually semi colonized.
 
Products Guangdong Province
Guangdong Province is one of the largest fruit producing centres in China, totalling more than 370 varieties. Among them, lychee, banana, orange and pineapple are the most widely grown. Selling well both domestic and abroad market, they are the region’s four famous fruits. Production of coffee, cocoa, lemongrass and pepper in Hainan Island and Leizhou Peninsular is fast developing. Particularly known for Yingde black tea, the hilly country in central and northern Guangdong abounds with tea, rosin, tung oil and tea oil.

The province’s ocean fishing and freshwater and sea-water aquatics culture are quite developed. Of all the Guangdong handcraft articles, Guangzhou ivory carving is the most famous. In 1918, a layer concentric ivory ball made in Guangzhou won a gold medal at Panama International Fair. Now, Guangzhou artisans can make 45 layer concentric ivory balls. Apart from ivory carving, Guangzhou embroidery, Fashan ceramics, Zhaoqing ink stones, Dongguan fireworks, Xinhui palm-leaf fan, Shantou draw work and Hainan cocoanut shell carving are all very famous.
 

Guangdong Local Cuisine
Braised salamander and Eight Delicacies and Feast of Tianmahan Chicken are famous local dishes with high nutrition. Love Bean Curd Fruit and Bijie Stuffed Dumplings are popular refreshments with diners.

The most familiar Chinese dishes in China originated from Cantonese cuisine. Guangzhou, the regional capital of Guangdong Province, is the world capital of this style of cooking. In today's program, Liu Yan will introduce you to Cantonese cuisine and other local food varieties in Guangzhou.

Surrounded by mountains and facing the sea, favorable geographical conditions have provided abundant resources necessary for the diversified food varieties in Guangdong since ancient times.

The rich varieties of fruit and animal resources from the mountains along with marine and freshwater products contribute to the rich varieties of local food.

The most famous food in Guangzhou is, of course, Cantonese cuisine, renowned both inside and outside China.

Restaurants that provide authentic Cantonese cuisine as well as other well-known food varieties from around the country can be found throughout Guangzhou.

There are time-honored restaurants such as the Lin Heung Tea House and Taotao Ju, as well as new ones such as New Lychee Harbor and Tangyuan Restaurant.

Zhao Liping is Director of the Restaurant Management Office in Guangzhou.

"There are tens of thousands of restaurants in Guangzhou where you can find different food anywhere and anytime in the city, including Japanese and western cuisines."

Cantonese cuisine, one of the four main cuisines in China, originates from the region around Guangdong. Reputed as China's finest cuisine, it has absorbed the strong points of other cuisines, but is diverse and delicate.

A modern saying has it that "they eat everything with four legs except chairs and everything that flies except airplanes." Usually this is said by northerners to refer to those who eat Cantonese dishes.

In fact, Cantonese cuisine includes almost all edible foods in addition to the staples of pork, beef and chicken, snakes, snails, chicken feet and duck tongues.

Cantonese menus are long and can often confuse a diner who is trying to select different dishes. There is a wide variety of dishes made from meats, poultry, fish, seafood, and vegetables from which to choose. They vary with the change of seasons and conform to modern dietetics.

An emphasis on preserving the natural flavor of the food is the hallmark of Cantonese cuisine.

The Cantonese people are very finicky when it comes to the freshness of their food. Even the amount of time taken for a live, swimming fish to be placed on a plate is kept to a minimum.

As cooking time is short, the flavors and nutritional value of the food are preserved. Vegetable and fish dishes are often steamed without using too much oil. Fresh live seafood is a specialty of Cantonese cuisine.

Seasonings are varied and well- coordinated. Sauces made from ingredients such as ginger, garlic, onion, vinegar, and sugar are paired up with different dishes to enhance their flavor.

Somewhat lighter than most other Chinese regional cuisines, Cantonese dishes are prepared carefully and exquisitely. Quick-fried or stewed, they turn out to be fresh, crisp, tender, slippery but not salty with all flavors and tastes.

Another notable Cantonese specialty is slow-cooked soup. The soup is usually a clear broth prepared by simmering meat and other ingredients under low heat for several hours. Chinese herbs or medicines are often used as ingredients. Slow-cooked soup is a regular dish in Cantonese families as most believe in its ability to heal and strengthens one's health.

Chen Fang is a retired government employee and a housewife in Guangzhou.

"The Cantonese don't eat meals without soup, and we cook soup at home every day. It's a kind of food therapy that we practice in day-to-day situations."

Dim sum involves a wide range of light dishes served alongside Chinese tea. Yum cha, or literally "drinking tea" is the term used to describe the entire dining experience. It is usually served in the mornings until noontime at Chinese restaurants and at specialty dim sum eateries where typical dishes are available throughout the day.

Zhao Gang is a tourist from northeast China.

"Guangzhou boasts a unique culture and traditions which are very different from those of northern China. Cantonese cuisine is diversified and delicate. Cantonese dishes are my favorites among all the regional food varieties."

Thank you, Liu Yan, for your report. Cantonese food is one of my favorites too. It enjoys great prestige among the great varieties of Chinese cuisine. In China, though, it is certainly not everyone's first choice, but no one would say he dislikes Cantonese food with its well-balanced flavors that are never excessively sweet or greasy.
(Source: China Radio International)

Places of Interest and Tourist Attractions: Guangdong
In Guangdong Province, cities like Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing, Shenzhen, Jiangmen and Haihou, and counties like Nanhai, Zhongshan and Shunde are all ideal places for sightseeing. Among them, Guangzhou has already been listed among the first group of famous historical and cultural cities and Star Lake in Zhaoqing has come under state protection.

A Land of fish and rice well-known in China, the City of Guangzhou has a history more than two thousand years.
It is also an important trading port and has many scenic spots, historical sites and revolutionary monuments.


Major scenic spots include Yuexiu Mountian, Dinghu Mountain,
Loufu Mountain, Baiyun Mountain, Xiqiao Mountain, Kaiyuan Temple.
 


 

 Guangdong Useful Links and Sites
 Major Citis in Guangdong Province:
Guangdong Related Article and Report Links

Your initial instinct could well be to get out as soon as possible. However, if you overcome this urge and stay longer, you will discover its more personable side.

This 2,200-year-old port city, located on the Pearl River in Guangdong province, is home to 10 million people and is one of China's economic powerhouses.     

But the city's traditional neighborhoods, mostly in Xiguan area, still moves at a leisurely pace - with elderly folk sitting outdoors playing chess or just indulging in idle chatter; old stores, usually run by generations of the same family, tucked away in the back streets and selling a variety of medicinal herbs and dried seafood; and centuries-old banyan trees, with their numerous aerial roots looking like street sculptures.

A good way to explore what the city and its people are really like is to have a dim sum breakfast at a local restaurant.

In this food-obsessed city, meals are a major source of happiness and determines the pulse of everyday life of the local Cantonese people.

Restaurants in Guangzhou are open for business as early as 6 am and the most popular ones are usually huge, covering several floors, serving about 1,000 people at a time, and full of noise and chaos.

It would be wise to go with a local because the Guangdong dialect, called "bird language" thanks to its minimum nine tones, might fail most Mandarin speakers, let alone foreigners.

As soon as you sit down, a pot of tea is promptly placed on your table. Soon, you will notice servers walking around with trolleys stacked high with bamboo canisters full of steaming hot food, like shrimp dumplings, turnip cake, chicken feet, rice noodle rolls and egg tarts.

Simply point at what you want as the carts pass by and the food will be delivered to your table right away. The portions are usually small, so you can sample a wide variety of dishes at one time.

Of course, dim sum is not the only treat of the city's bustling food scene. You can tuck into the city's best fish congee in a food stall with tiny tables and plastic tools, or the best barbecued goose and ribs in a humbly-decorated bistro located just around the corner from the big restaurants.

Guangzhou is not only a paradise for foodies, but also a magnet for businessmen from all over the world.

The city's annual trade fair, launched in 1957, is the oldest and one of the biggest in China. The city's trading history dates back to ancient times and recent archaeological finds suggest that the city may have had traded frequently with foreigners more than 2,000 years ago.

Today, commercial activity remains as vigorous as ever. Hundreds of thousands of buyers travel from everywhere - Africa, the Middle East and Europe - and buy anything they reckon they can sell back home, including all sorts of clothes, shoes and handbags.

Shopping areas like Beijing Road and Shangxiajiu in the heart of the city are good places to experience the fast pace of city life and to find hot bargains.

After spending a whole day in the hustle and bustle of commercial Guangzhou, you can head to Shamian, a small island on the Pearl River, for a quiet and peaceful afternoon. Shamian means "sandy surface", in reference to its historical past when the Guangzhou authorities handed over this area to colonial Britain and France in the 19th century.

Shamian's colonial heritage is still evident in the old European-styled buildings, gardens and boulevards .

It's a perfect place for a stroll. And as the sun goes down over the Pearl River, settle down for a cup of coffee at one of the many restaurants or cafes, and take in the beautiful view. (Source: China Daily)
 

 China's Administrative Divisions
4 Municipalities

23 Provinces

5 Autonomous Regions

2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR)

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