Geography of Guangdong
Bordering on the South China Sea, Guangdong is China’s southern most
provinces with a coastline of over 4,300 kilometres. It consists of the
continental part and off-shore Island and reefs, including
and the South China Sea Islands. The province covers an area of more
than 212,000 square kilometres and has a population of
102.70 million (2021).
The region is inhabited by people of the
She nationalities. Guangdong Province's capital is
Climate of Guangdong
has tropical and subtropical monsoon climate with long time summer
and abundant rainfall. The Leizhou Peninsula is in the tropical zone.
province is located in the low latitude area and faces the
South China Sea, it's tropical and subtropical climates.
average temperature of spring is about 20°C; summer is 28°C
(82 °F) ; autumn is 25°C (77 °F); winter is 12°C (54 °F).
There are many typhoons in summer and autumn.
Between April and
September is the rainy seasons, with an annual average
rainfall of 1,500-2,000mm. The Pearl River Delta is where
"there is no snow in three winters and flowers blossom all
year around". The spring and autumn are the best seasons for
traveling in Guangdong.
Brief History of Guangdong Province
Situated to the south of the Nanling Mountains, Guangdong was developed
much late than the central plains. The region was occupied by the
500,000 troops sent by the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty soon after
he had conquered the 6 independent states in 221 BC. It was then divided
into three prefectures, namely, Guilin, Nanhai, and Xiang. The
prefectural government of Nanhai was located at Panyu(Guangzhou). In the
Tang Dynasty, Panyu became an important trade centre. After the first
Opium War of 1840, Guangdong was gradually semi colonized.
Products Guangdong Province
Guangdong Province is one of the largest fruit producing centres in
China, totalling more than 370 varieties. Among them, lychee, banana,
orange and pineapple are the most widely grown. Selling well both
domestic and abroad market, they are the region’s four famous fruits.
Production of coffee, cocoa, lemongrass and pepper in Hainan Island and
Leizhou Peninsular is fast developing. Particularly known for Yingde
black tea, the hilly country in central and northern Guangdong abounds
with tea, rosin, tung oil and tea oil.
The province’s ocean fishing and
freshwater and sea-water aquatics culture are quite developed. Of all
the Guangdong handcraft articles, Guangzhou ivory carving is the most
famous. In 1918, a layer concentric ivory ball made in Guangzhou won a
gold medal at Panama International Fair. Now, Guangzhou artisans can
make 45 layer concentric ivory balls. Apart from ivory carving,
Guangzhou embroidery, Fashan ceramics, Zhaoqing ink stones, Dongguan
fireworks, Xinhui palm-leaf fan, Shantou draw work and Hainan cocoanut
shell carving are all very famous.
Guangdong Local Cuisine
Braised salamander and Eight Delicacies and Feast of Tianmahan Chicken
are famous local dishes with high nutrition. Love Bean Curd Fruit and
Bijie Stuffed Dumplings are popular refreshments with diners.
The most familiar Chinese
dishes in China originated from Cantonese cuisine. Guangzhou, the
regional capital of Guangdong Province, is the world capital of this
style of cooking. In today's program, Liu Yan will introduce you to
Cantonese cuisine and other local food varieties in Guangzhou.
Surrounded by mountains and facing the sea, favorable geographical
conditions have provided abundant resources necessary for the
diversified food varieties in Guangdong since ancient times.
The rich varieties of fruit and animal resources from the mountains
along with marine and freshwater products contribute to the rich
varieties of local food.
The most famous food in Guangzhou is, of course, Cantonese cuisine,
renowned both inside and outside China.
Restaurants that provide authentic Cantonese cuisine as well as
other well-known food varieties from around the country can be found
There are time-honored restaurants such as the Lin Heung Tea House
and Taotao Ju, as well as new ones such as New Lychee Harbor and
Zhao Liping is Director of the Restaurant Management Office in
"There are tens of thousands of restaurants in Guangzhou where you
can find different food anywhere and anytime in the city, including
Japanese and western cuisines."
Cantonese cuisine, one of the four main cuisines in China,
originates from the region around Guangdong. Reputed as China's
finest cuisine, it has absorbed the strong points of other cuisines,
but is diverse and delicate.
A modern saying has it that "they eat everything with four legs
except chairs and everything that flies except airplanes." Usually
this is said by northerners to refer to those who eat Cantonese
In fact, Cantonese cuisine includes almost all edible foods in
addition to the staples of pork, beef and chicken, snakes, snails,
chicken feet and duck tongues.
Cantonese menus are long and can often confuse a diner who is trying
to select different dishes. There is a wide variety of dishes made
from meats, poultry, fish, seafood, and vegetables from which to
choose. They vary with the change of seasons and conform to modern
An emphasis on preserving the natural flavor of the food is the
hallmark of Cantonese cuisine.
The Cantonese people are very finicky when it comes to the freshness
of their food. Even the amount of time taken for a live, swimming
fish to be placed on a plate is kept to a minimum.
As cooking time is short, the flavors and nutritional value of the
food are preserved. Vegetable and fish dishes are often steamed
without using too much oil. Fresh live seafood is a specialty of
Seasonings are varied and well- coordinated. Sauces made from
ingredients such as ginger, garlic, onion, vinegar, and sugar are
paired up with different dishes to enhance their flavor.
Somewhat lighter than most other Chinese regional cuisines,
Cantonese dishes are prepared carefully and exquisitely. Quick-fried
or stewed, they turn out to be fresh, crisp, tender, slippery but
not salty with all flavors and tastes.
Another notable Cantonese specialty is slow-cooked soup. The soup is
usually a clear broth prepared by simmering meat and other
ingredients under low heat for several hours. Chinese herbs or
medicines are often used as ingredients. Slow-cooked soup is a
regular dish in Cantonese families as most believe in its ability to
heal and strengthens one's health.
Chen Fang is a retired government employee and a housewife in
"The Cantonese don't eat meals without soup, and we cook soup at
home every day. It's a kind of food therapy that we practice in
Dim sum involves a wide range of light dishes served alongside
Chinese tea. Yum cha, or literally "drinking tea" is the term used
to describe the entire dining experience. It is usually served in
the mornings until noontime at Chinese restaurants and at specialty
dim sum eateries where typical dishes are available throughout the
Zhao Gang is a tourist from northeast China.
"Guangzhou boasts a unique culture and traditions which are very
different from those of northern China. Cantonese cuisine is
diversified and delicate. Cantonese dishes are my favorites among
all the regional food varieties."
Thank you, Liu Yan, for your report. Cantonese food is one of my
favorites too. It enjoys great prestige among the great varieties of
Chinese cuisine. In China, though, it is certainly not everyone's
first choice, but no one would say he dislikes Cantonese food with
its well-balanced flavors that are never excessively sweet or
(Source: China Radio International)
Places of Interest and Tourist Attractions: Guangdong
In Guangdong Province, cities like Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing, Shenzhen,
Jiangmen and Haihou, and counties like Nanhai, Zhongshan and Shunde are
all ideal places for sightseeing. Among them, Guangzhou has already been
listed among the first group of famous historical and cultural cities
and Star Lake in Zhaoqing has come under state protection.
A Land of fish and rice well-known in China, the City of Guangzhou has a
history more than two thousand years.
It is also an important trading port and has many scenic spots,
historical sites and revolutionary monuments.
Major scenic spots include Yuexiu Mountian, Dinghu Mountain,
Loufu Mountain, Baiyun
Mountain, Xiqiao Mountain, Kaiyuan Temple.
in Guangdong Province:
Related Article and Report Links
instinct could well be to get out as soon as possible. However, if
you overcome this urge and stay longer, you will discover its more
2,200-year-old port city, located on the Pearl River in Guangdong
province, is home to 10 million people and is one of China's
But the city's
traditional neighborhoods, mostly in Xiguan area, still moves at a
leisurely pace - with elderly folk sitting outdoors playing chess or
just indulging in idle chatter; old stores, usually run by
generations of the same family, tucked away in the back streets and
selling a variety of medicinal herbs and dried seafood; and
centuries-old banyan trees, with their numerous aerial roots looking
like street sculptures.
A good way to
explore what the city and its people are really like is to have a
dim sum breakfast at a local restaurant.
food-obsessed city, meals are a major source of happiness and
determines the pulse of everyday life of the local Cantonese people.
Guangzhou are open for business as early as 6 am and the most
popular ones are usually huge, covering several floors, serving
about 1,000 people at a time, and full of noise and chaos.
It would be wise
to go with a local because the Guangdong dialect, called "bird
language" thanks to its minimum nine tones, might fail most Mandarin
speakers, let alone foreigners.
As soon as you
sit down, a pot of tea is promptly placed on your table. Soon, you
will notice servers walking around with trolleys stacked high with
bamboo canisters full of steaming hot food, like shrimp dumplings,
turnip cake, chicken feet, rice noodle rolls and egg tarts.
Simply point at
what you want as the carts pass by and the food will be delivered to
your table right away. The portions are usually small, so you can
sample a wide variety of dishes at one time.
Of course, dim
sum is not the only treat of the city's bustling food scene. You can
tuck into the city's best fish congee in a food stall with tiny
tables and plastic tools, or the best barbecued goose and ribs in a
humbly-decorated bistro located just around the corner from the big
Guangzhou is not
only a paradise for foodies, but also a magnet for businessmen from
all over the world.
The city's annual
trade fair, launched in 1957, is the oldest and one of the biggest
in China. The city's trading history dates back to ancient times and
recent archaeological finds suggest that the city may have had
traded frequently with foreigners more than 2,000 years ago.
activity remains as vigorous as ever. Hundreds of thousands of
buyers travel from everywhere - Africa, the Middle East and Europe -
and buy anything they reckon they can sell back home, including all
sorts of clothes, shoes and handbags.
like Beijing Road and Shangxiajiu in the heart of the city are good
places to experience the fast pace of city life and to find hot
After spending a
whole day in the hustle and bustle of commercial Guangzhou, you can
head to Shamian, a small island on the Pearl River, for a quiet and
peaceful afternoon. Shamian means "sandy surface", in reference to
its historical past when the Guangzhou authorities handed over this
area to colonial Britain and France in the 19th century.
colonial heritage is still evident in the old European-styled
buildings, gardens and boulevards .
It's a perfect
place for a stroll. And as the sun goes down over the Pearl River,
settle down for a cup of coffee at one of the many restaurants or
cafes, and take in the beautiful view.
(Source: China Daily)