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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Hong Kong 

China Special Administrative Region (SAR)
Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region* (SAR)

hong kong location, where is hong kong
Hong Kong Location

  Area:   1,104 square km
Population:   7.03 million (2009)
Coordinates:   22°9'-22°37'N  113°52'-114°30'E
Local Time:  
January Average  Temperature:   15°C (59°F)
July Average  Temperature:   29°C (84.2°F)
Average Frost Free Days:   300+ days/year
Average Elevation:   32 meters
Annual Rainfall:   2,383 mm
Annual Sunshine:   1,843 hours
Phone Area Code:   852

* What is Special Administrative Regions (SAR)?

Geography of Hong Kong
Records show that Hong Kong was controlled by China since the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and became an British's colony in 1842.  On July 1st, 1997, Hong Kong was reunited with China. The official name of Hong Kong is the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (Hong Kong SAR).

Today Hong Kong has many differences from the mainland China such as having different economic systems as well as political systems making it almost an independent "country" by itself. There are currently about seven million people living in the Hong Kong area making it one of the most densely populated cities in the world. (6,410 people per square kilometer)

Hong Kong uses its own currency and has low taxes and has an excellent trading economy being the twelfth largest in the world. Part of this is due to its good Geographic location and easily accessible human labor.

Other Figures about Hong Kong

Head of Government: Chief Executive
Cabinet: Executive Council
Legislature: Legislative Council, 60 seats
Highest Court: Court of Final Appeal
Population density: 6 410 people per square kilometer
Crude birth rate: 10.2 per 1000
Percentage of population Chinese descent: 95%
Other significant national groups: hilippines (136 323 total); 
Indonesia (131 497 total); Thailand (28 375 total).

Geography and Climate of Hong Kong
Hong Kong is located on the Southeast tip of the P.R.C some 1200km from Shanghai, the next largest city and nearly 2000km from the capital of Beijing.

Hong Kong covers Hong Kong Island, Lantau Island, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories, including 262 outlying islands. Between Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula lies Victoria Harbour, one of the world's most renowned deep-water harbors.

Summers in Hong Kong are hot and include frequent rainfalls while the winters are cold and dry. During the year, there is over 2,000mm of rainfall most of which occurs from the end of spring to the beginning of autumn.

Average annual rainfall: 2,214.3 mm
Wettest month: August
Driest month: January
Winter: January-March
Summer: July-September

Brief History of Hong Kong
Hong Kong first became part of the mainland China over 2000 years ago during the Tang Dynasty and saw a population increase since.

Through the years Hong Kong became an International Trading Center and a salt producing center. The population increased even more during a Mongol invasion when refugees filled the city.

In the 19th Century after trading disagreements and the Opium War, Hong Kong became part of British Territory. During the British occupation period, technology improved quickly transforming every industry but everything was suddenly halted on December 25 1941. On that day the Japanese who had bombed Pearl Harbor two weeks ago attacked and quickly took over Hong Kong. From that day on until August 15, 1945 when the Japanese surrendered to end World War II, Hong Kong economy was completely halted.

By the end of the war, the population half of what it had been before the war. However cheap labor was brought in and Hong Kong gradually reclaimed the status it had before the war becoming a very wealthy and independent colony but on July 1 1997, Hong Kong became part of Chinese territory again as the British handed the colony to the P.R.China. and although changes were made Hong Kong kept its own economy, political and other systems.

Languages used in Hong Kong
Chinese and English are the official languages of Hong Kong. English is widely used in the Government and by the legal, professional and business sectors. Trilingual professionals who speak English, Cantoness and Putohua (mandarin Chinese) play a vital role in the numerous enterprises trading in Hong Kong and doing business with mainland China and Taiwan.

Cantonese speakers: 88.7% of population
Putonghua speakers: 1.1% of population
Other Chinese dialect speakers: 5.8% of population
English speakers: 3.1% of population
Other language speakers: 1.3% of population

Places of Interests and Tourist Attractions: Hong Kong


  Useful Links about Hong Kong
Hong Kong  Related Article and Report Links


 China's Administrative Divisions
4 Municipalities

23 Provinces

5 Autonomous Regions

2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR)

Meet your Chinese friends in the global village.

Hong Kong Map

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