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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region 

China Cities and Provinces
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region*

xinjiang location, location map of xinjiang
Xinjiang Location

Area: 1.6 million square km
Population: 25.98 million (2023) - 20.95 million (2007)
Population % of Uygur 44.96% (2020)- 45%(2007)
Capital City: Urumqi
Local Time:  
* What's the "Autonomous Region"?
Geography of Xinjiang
Located in the northwestern border of China, Xinjiang (Full Name: "Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region") is the largest province in China. Taklimakan Desert which is the largest desert in China, and Turpan Basin which is the lowest land below sea level in China are all in Xinjiang Region.

Xinjiang covers an area of over 1,600,000 square kilometers with a population 20.95 million (by the end of 2007) subdividing into the Uygur (45%), the Han (41%), the Kazak (7%), the Hui (5%), the Kirgiz (0.9%), the Mongol (0.8%), the Russia and many other nationalities. Urumqi is the capital city of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

Xinjiang has a typical temperate continental climate which is dry in the southern part of the region and rainy in the northern region, average annual temperature: 10.4 C (50.72 F ), average annual rainfall: 190mm.

Wheat, corn, cotton and silkworm cocoon are its main crops. It abounds in long staple cotton and melon and fruits, such as grape, hami melon, apple, pear and licorice root are its important local and special products.

The major scenic spots include Heavenly Lake, Jiahu Lake, Huoyan Mountain, and Mosque of Kashi...


Xinjiang Climate
Xinjiang, situated in the hinterland of Asia, has a distinctive continental climate characterized by drastic change in temperature, abundance of sunshine and low precipitation. In January, the coldest month, the minimum temperature averages below -20C (-4 F ), in Hunggar Basin, rises to -10C in Tarim Basin and drops sharply to as low as -52C (-61.6 F ), in Fuyun and Qinhhe  area on the Junggar Basin fringes which are known as the coldest areas in China. In July, the hottest month, the mean temperature remain above 33C (91.4 F ), in Turpan Basin, China's lowest area, and may reach as high as 48C (111.2 F ),. Hence, Turpan is reputed as a "flaming place". However, the temperature is still below zero on the high mountains where permanent snow and active glacial activities are found.


Brief History of Xinjiang
History has seen various administrations established in Xinjiang. The Xinjiang region was under the rule of Xiyuduhu in the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-220 A.D.), the rule of Beiting and Anxi in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), administered by Alimali and Bieshibali Provincial authorities of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The Imperial Government of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), after suppressing the rebellion in the western frontier, named the region "Xinjiang" meaning the new frontier area where a rebellion has just been put down, and set up the administration of Jiangjunfu in Ili. Xinjiang, as a  province of China, was set up by the Qing Imperial Government in 1884. After Chinese Communist Party took over China (1949),  Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region  was proclaimed in 1955.
Xinjiang Local Products
Xinjiang Local Cuisine
Places of Interests and Tourist Attractions of Xinjiang
Cities in Xinjiang


 Useful Links about Xinjiang


Xinjiang, the Beautiful!
Xinjiang Articles and Report Links
After Long Ban, Western China Is Back Online (click for details)

China allows texting in Xinjiang six months after riots (link to BBC News)

China Nearly Doubles Security Budget for Western Region (The New York Times)

China reconnects Xinjiang Province to the Web very slightly - Almost six months after China cut off communications in a bid to control race riots in restive Xinjiang Province, it has given residents access to two party-controlled websites. But phone calls and text messages remain restricted. (Christina Science Monitor)

China Ousts Top Official After Protests

Bomb hits China's Xinjiang region April 2, 2009

Clocks square off in China's far west

No off-season for traveling China's "Ness" lake in NW Xinjiang A photographic festival was held on the second day of the new year in the Kanasi Nature Reserve, known as the most alluring resort in northwest China's Xinjiang, as the reserve's winter scenery was opened for tourism for the first time.

Kanasi, whose name means "rich, beautiful and mysterious" in Mongolian, boasts pristine lakes, glaciers, forests and grasslands. The Kanasi Lake is also China's deepest alpine lake, reputed for mysterious lake creatures similar to "Nessies" in Scotland.

Chi Chongqing, an official from the Xinjiang regional tourist bureau said that the festival was held to draw photographic fans to catch the beautiful sceneries and cultures and life of locals in Kanasi, which would help promote tourism.

 The reserve used to be open for tourism from June to October. Winter season lasts for seven months here, when the lowest temperature can reach 37 degree Celsius below zero.

 However, with the convenient air travel directly to Kanansi and better facilitated tourist infrastructures, the reserve now has the condition to receive tourists in winter, said Chi.

 Kanasi host 752,000 tourists from home and abroad in 2008.  (Xinhua Jan. 2, 2009)

 China's Administrative Divisions
4 Municipalities

23 Provinces

5 Autonomous Regions

2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR)






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