china tour packages, china group tours, china private tours, best chinatour deals
General Information
Art & Performance
Cities & Provinces
Culture & Tradition
Diplomatic Missions
Education & School
Finance & Banking
Health & Medicine
History & Dynasties
Investment & Stock
IT & Computer
Import & Export
Law & Justice
Map & Atlas
Media & Publication
Military & Army
People & Society
Personal & Hobby
Real Estates
Reference & Library
Science & Tech.
Shopping & Auction
Sports & Recreation
Statistics & Data 
Travel & Tour
Who's Who
Back to HOME






Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Zhejiang

China City and Province: Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

zhejiang location, location map of zhejiang province
Zhejiang Location

Area:   101800 square km
Population:   48.98 million (2006)
Capital City:   Hangzhou
Local Time  
Geography of Zhejiang
Zhejiang Province is situated to the south of Taihu Lake on the coast of the East China Sea, its coastline extending over 2,200 kilometers. The Qiantang River flowing through the Province used to be called the Zhejiang River, after which the Province was named. Zhejiang Province covers an area of over 100,000 square kilometres with a population of 48.98 million (2006), which mainly comprises the Han, She, Hui, Manchu, Miao and other nationalities. Hangzhou is the capital of the Province.
Climate of Zhejiang
Zhejiang Province has a temperate and humid climate with four distinctive seasons. The average annual temperature of the Province ranges from 15°C to 19°C (59°F to 66.2°F) January, the coldest month, has an average temperature of 2°C to 8°C (35.6°F to 46.4°F), while July, the hottest month, has an average temperature of 27C to 30C with an average annual precipitation of 850 - 1700 mm, Zhejiang Province is one of the fine weathered province of China.
Brief History of Zhejiang
A Brief History of Zhejiang
Civilization emerged in Zhejiang back in the New Stone Age. The Da Yu Mausdeum at the foot of Huiji Mountain is said to be the tomb of Yu, the reputed founded of China’s Xia Dynasty (21th-16th century B.C.). When China was unified in the Qin Dynasty (221-207 B.C.), Zhejiang was under the administration of the three prefectures---Huiji, Zhang and Minzhong. There remains at the food of Baoshi Hill in Hangzhou a stone relic showing that the first emperor of the Qin Dyansty paid an inspection tour to Zhejiang. During the tenth century, Qian Liu, a former governor of Tang Dynasty (618—907 A.D.) established the State of Wuyue in Zhejiang. During the 12th century, the Southern Song Dynasty moved its capital to Hangzhou in face of external aggression. The Province became what it is today since the Qing Dynasty.

Zhejiang Local Products
Zhejiang Province is an important silk producing region in China. Known as the “home of silk” in China, the Province produces over 1,000 different varieties of satin, which has own the fame of “flower of oriental art”. The West Lake Longjing tea with its bird’s tongue shaped leaves is famous for its jade green colour, pleasant fragrance and refreshing taste. One of the eight leading liquors in China, Shaoxing wine is characteristic of its glistening sweet smell and mellow taste. Jinhua Ham, famed in colour, is unique in its fragrant and mellow flavour, tender and delicious taste. The Province is also famous for its Huangyan tangerine and West Lake water shield. Zhejiang offers a great variety of arts and handicrafts produce, such as the Hangzhou fan, West Lake silk parasols, Shengxian bamboo articles, Qingtian stone carving, Dongyang wood carving, Wunzhou bowl sculpture, Ningbo wood ware inlaid with bones, Langquan swords, Xiaoshan lace, Longquan celadon ware, Zhang Xiaoquan scissors, etc.
Zhejiang  Local Cuisine
Zhejiang cuisine is one of the eight famous culinary schools in China, consisting mainly of the specialities of Hangzhou, Ningbo and Shaoxing. Hangzhou cuisine is characterized by its elaborate preparation and varying techniques of cooking, such as sauté, stewing, and stir and deep fired. Hangzhou food tastes fresh and crisp, varying with the change of season. Ningbo food is a bit salty but delicious. Specializing in steamed, roasted and braised seafood, Ningbo cuisine is particular in retaining the original freshness, tenderness and softness. Shaoxing cuisine offers fresh aquatic food and poultry that has a special rural flavour, sweet in smell, soft and glutinous in taste, thick in gravy and strong in season. Famous Hangzhou specialties are: West Lake fish in vinegar sauce, fired shrimps with longjing tea, Songsao fish soup, Dongpo pork, beggar’s chicken and consommé of West Lake water shield.
Places of Interest and Tourist Attractions: Zhejiang

Tourist Attractions of Zhejiang Province
The cities of Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Ningbo, Wenzhou and Mogan Mountain of Deqing Country, Yandang Mountain of Leqing Country, Tiantong Temple of Yinxian Country and Yaolin Cavern of Tonglu Country are open to tourists. Hangzhou and Shaoxing are leading Chinese cities of historical and cultural fame.

The West Lake of Hangzhou, Fuchun River, Xin’an River, Yandang Mountain and Putuo Mountain are the first group of major scenic designated by the state. Hangzhou is the tourists centre of Zhejiang Province, with the West Lake crowning the western part of the city like a bright pearl. Scattered in the hills around the lake are streams, springs, pounds and creeks alternated with caverns, valleys, peaks and rockeries.

Coupled with the decoration of pagodas, temples, steles and rock carvings, all this has added to the lustre and attractiveness of the West Lake. The West Lake presents a panorama of enchanting scenes with change of season during different times of the day and under different weather conditions.

After touring Hangzhou, known as the “paradise on the earth”, one may visit the ancient river town of Shaoxing or enjoy the ancient and serene environment at the Guoqing Temple on Tiantai Mountain. Yandang Mountain is reputed for its gorgeous scenery with hills and waters; Mogan Mountain is a famous summer resort in China; renowned for its Buddhist temples, Putou Mountain is known as “Buddhist Kingdom of the sea”. The islet on the Oujiang River to the north of Wenzhou City has the fame of being a fairyland on the Oujiang River.

Tianyi Pavilion in Ningbo is one of the oldest libraries in China. Yaolin Cavern of Tonglu Country presents an infinite variety of fantastic scenes rarely found elsewhere. All these places of historical interest and scenic spot around Hangzhou hold out great attractions to tourists, both Chinese and foreign.


The major scenic spots are the West Lake, Mt. Putuo, Mt. Tianmu, Qiandao Lake, Qiantang River, Tiantong Temple, Baogou Temple, the former Residence of Lu Xun.

West Lake
Hangzhou's fame rests mainly with the picturesque West Lake, so named because it is located in its western fringe. Covering about four square miles, West Lake is surrounded on three sides by rolling wood hills. At the center are three isles--Lesser Yingzhou, Mid-lake Pavilion and Ruangong Isle. Solitary Hill stands by itself on the northern lakeshore. It can be reached from the city by Bai Causeway, with Su Causeway bisects the lake from north to south. The blue, often rippling, water is dotted with elegant stone bridges and charming pavilions. 

Qiantangjiang Tidal Bore
If you are visiting in September during the autumn equinox, you may be able to see one of the most unusual sights in the world. A tidal bore gathers momentum in the Gulf of Hangzhou, surges into the mouth of the Qiangtang River, and races up the river, at a height of up to 30 ft. and a speed of more than 15m.p.h. In ancient times, governors of Hangzhou used to have arrows fired at the waves in an attempt to quell their destructive forces. Nowadays more effective methods are used.

Linglin Temple
It is believed that the temple was first established in 336 A.D. by a monk known as Hui Li. It was destroyed on a number of occasions, the last time during the Taiping Rebellion, and the latest rebuilding was in the early part of the 20th century. It was then restored in 1956. 

The temple sits at the foot of the Northern Peak in a wooded area, with a stream running in front of it. Some of the trees in front are believed to be more than 1,000 years old. 

The foremost temple houses a laughing Buddha carved in camphor wood and covered in gold with a carved gilt figure standing behind as a guard. Both figures are set under a two-eaves wooden canopy decorated in red and gold. Ornate lamps hang on either side. 

Zhejiang  Related Article and Report Links
Hangzhou: Paradise on Earth
HANGZHOU, known as "paradise on earth," has a humid climate, fresh air, a clean, well-ordered environment, and the West Lake as its back garden. The land around Hangzhou City is one of "fish and rice" as well as a production base for silk. Each person encountered on its streets radiates contentment. An increasing number of people are purchasing villas in the area, and real estate prices have consequently increased.

Hangzhou is a famous tourist city. Although not big, it has a concentration of more than 40 scenic spots, which would take at least a week to visit. The 6-square-kilometer West Lake is the pride of this provincial capital city, and most sites of interest are around it. Unlike the man-made lakes of other cities, where earth is dug and piled up to make hills, the West Lake is natural, and its sights are delightful, no matter what the season. Scholars and poets have left a legacy of rhapsodic poetry and prose after visits to the lake, and some settled, or stayed on to live a hermit's life here. There are so many scenic spots around the West Lake that the view changes at every step. It was once said that its scenery is poetic, picturesque and ethereal. A picture taken from any angle resembles a beautiful landscape painting.

The people of Hangzhou regard the West Lake as an important facet of their daily life. It is a place where they eat their meals, drink tea, and generally enjoy leisure time, often taking a stroll along its shores each evening before going to bed. The hotels, restaurants and teahouses around the lake all do a brisk trade. Locals take great pleasure in going on rambles through the beautiful scenery, and can be seen in threes and fours taking a walk along the Bai and Su Causeways at all times. On a fine day, some might ask for time off from work in order to relax by the lakeshore, and at weekends whole families go on outings, so each scenic spot is thronged with visitors. People sit on carpet-like lawns, and enjoy the spring sunshine as they replenish their energy with the food and drink they have brought from home. They chat, laugh and frolic against a background of beautiful flowers, and when sleepy, take a nap.

Hangzhou is also famous for its beautiful women, who, in addition to being good looking, are also softly spoken. The women of Hangzhou are elegant and graceful. They like to have their picture taken, sitting or lying on a lawn, leaning against a tree trunk, or beside a branch full of peach blossoms. Beforehand, they have their hair dressed, and wear their holiday best, and sometimes borrow a parasol from a passer-by to make an even prettier picture.

Along with such beautiful scenery and places of interest, Hangzhou has many romantic tales. Classical stories include legends about Su Xiaoxiao, a well-known courtesan -- a Chinese Dame au Camellias. Su Xiaoxiao was beautiful and versatile. Once while sightseeing, she met a young man from a noble family. They fell in love at first sight. A few days later, the young man went home and never returned. In the end, the 19-year-old Xiaoxiao died of a fatal disease. There are many poems dedicated to her, and there is a monument on the Bai Causeway commemorating her.

Another romantic tale is about the love between a young man named Xu Xian and the "white snake" (an immortal, whose earthly form was of a beautiful woman, but who also took the shape of a white snake if she drank wine). Their love was not tolerated by society, and finally the white snake was imprisoned under the Leifeng Tower, and Xu Xian's family fragmented.

Modern Hangzhou inhabitants are very romantic, and the West Lake is now the place where young people go courting. At nightfall pairs of lovers can be seen all along the lakeshore, as on the Shanghai Bund.

The romantic nature of Hangzhou inhabitants has nurtured the quality of local artists. Hangzhou has produced numerous scholars and men of letters, and the city is permeated with an artistic atmosphere. Every building is exquisite, especially those around the West Lake, and the city brims with nostalgia. In parks such as Taiziwan and Gushan, international modern sculpture exhibitions are often held. The natural landscape makes a perfect background for sculpture, which, in turn, adds significance to the whole environment. On Nanshan Road, in the city proper, now lined with galleries, teahouses and bars, is a fine arts academy, whose origins go back to the 1930s, when a group of artists returned from Europe and founded China's first fine arts school. These artists introduced Western painting techniques to China for the first time, and were the first in Chinese history to paint a nude model. They brought about a revolution in the history of fine arts. Many important figures in the history of Chinese painting graduated from this school.

During the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) Hangzhou was the world's most prosperous city, and the Hangzhou residents' current tradition of leisure originates from that wealthy era. In ancient times, tea drinking was an elegant and refined pursuit, but one which called for certain prerequisites. First, there had to be fine weather and beautiful scenery. Second, the water, tea, and tea set had to be of the finest quality. Today, tea drinking is less formal than in former times, and normally accompanies a meal. There are many restaurants serving both meals and tea around the West Lake. Although their decor is still in the traditional style, and traditional music plays in the background, the noise of cutlery and clinking china in these restaurants destroys the tranquil mood essential for tea drinking in the original manner. In recent years, more and more cafes have opened, and seem likely to replace the old teahouses. These cafes, with their comfortable furniture, luxuriant plants, dim lights, and relaxing music daily attract more and more white-collar custom.

Hangzhou is also famous for its culinary arts. Dishes feature originally flavored sauces, that are not too oily, and presentation so beautiful as to equal the Hangzhou landscape. There are more than 40 famous Hangzhou dishes, including West Lake Sour Fish, Beggar's Chicken, Fish head and Beancurd, Dongpo Pork, Shrimp Meat with Dragon Well Tea, West Lake Water Shield Soup, and Sister Song's Fish Soup. Among them, there are five famous dishes that are a must for visitors: Dongpo Pork is named after Su Dongpo, a famous man of letters of the Song Dynasty, and is a little fatty, but not oily. West Lake Sour Fish features tender fish meat with sweet and sour sauce. Shrimp meat with Dragon Well Tea was created by chance. In ancient times, while cooking shrimp meat a chef made the mistake of adding dragon well tea to the dish as a condiment, but the emperor nonetheless enjoyed it, and the dish became famous. Beggar's Chicken is tasty and tender, with a fragrance of lotus leaves. Sister Song's Fish Soup is piquant and spicy. To try these famous dishes, tourists go to time-honored restaurants. Louwailou Restaurant is on the north bank of the West Lake, and famous for local dishes, but is relatively expensive. The Zhiweiguan Restaurant is well known for its exquisitely prepared snacks. Steamed dumplings, wonton soup, and fried sweetmeats are local specialties, and not expensive. At lunch and dinner, this spacious dining hall is packed to capacity.

Hangzhou inhabitants are not, however, completely poetic, being as smart and astute as the businesspeople of Shanghai. To cater to the demands of foreign tourists, Wushan Road is lined with vendor's stalls, selling silk, paintings and calligraphy, antiques, and antique furniture. There are genuine and fake antiques, and only experts can tell the difference. Prices vary, and tourists need to bargain. A silk scarf on one stall may sell for ten yuan, but on another it may be bought for four yuan. It must be remembered that the seller is always smarter than the buyer. When bargaining with Hangzhou vendors, local buyers usually offer a price slightly higher than half that quoted. When buying silk, visitors are recommended to go to Silk City. This is where a concentration of sales outlets dealing in foreign trade for Hangzhou's famous silk plants may be found. Although prices are slightly higher here, the goods are of a better and more consistent quality. (By ChinaToday Magazine staff reporter ZHANG XUEYING, June 2002)



 Zhejiang Useful Links and Sites
 Major Citis in Zhejiang (City Official Sites)
Zhejiang Cities' Government Site:

City and Town Information:


 Tourist Attractions in Zhejianng Province


 China's Administrative Divisions
4 Municipalities

23 Provinces

5 Autonomous Regions

2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR)

Meet your Chinese friends in the global village.

china map, buy china map, all kinds of china maps, china atlas, china wall map, china travel map, buy china map online, where to buy china map

click to book your china travel products, flight, hotel, packages








| General Information | China Investment | China Import /Export | China Travel | China Art | China Education | China Law | China Military | China Organizations | China Provinces & Cities | China Finance | China Sports


This web site is created by InfoPacific Development Inc. and jointly managed by InfoPacific Development Inc. (Canada) and Kompass (China) Information Service Co. Ltd. This site is frequently updated and permanently "under construction". All rights reserved.

Advertisement on this website?  Please  CLICK HERE  to get related information. Customers in China, please call our China Office at

Beijing Office (8610) 6424 8799 and (8610) 6424 8801
  All the information provided in this website is for informational purposes only. disclaims all liability or responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the information provided in this website and the opinions by publications related to this website do not necessarily reflect the views of or any of its affiliates.