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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Hebei Province

China City and Province Information
Hebei Province

Hebei Province

location of Hebei province
Location of Hebei Province

Area:   190,000 square km
Population:   71.85 million (2010)
Capital City:   Shijiazhuang
Local Time  
Geography of Hebei Province
Hebei Province is situated in the north China Plain, north of the
lower reaches of the Huanghe (Yellow) River. Washed by Bohai Sea in the east, it has a coastline of some 500 kilometers. The whole province is 190,000 square kilometers and is inhabited by 71.85 million (2010) people of Han, Hui. Manchu, Mongolian and Korean nationalities. Shijiazhuang is the provincial capital.
Climate of Hebei Province

The climate of Hebei Province is temperate continental. It has a cold winter in the north, but hot and rainy summer in the south. It has a windy spring and sunny and pleasant autumn. The average temperature of January, the coldest month is -22C to -3C (-7.6F to 26.6 F).  from the north to south; that of the hottest month July is 17C to 28C (62.6F to 82.4 F) from the north to the south. The annual average precipitation is between 400mm to 800mm.

Brief History of Hebei Province
The territory of the ancient China was divided into nine Zhou. Hebei used to belong to Ji and Yan Zhou. During the Spring and Autumn Period (770 B.C.-476 B.C.) and Warring States Period (475 B.C. - 22 B.C.), it was the fief of the Kingdoms of Yan and Zhao. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907) Hebei belonged to Hebei Dao. Dao was the equivalent to today's province. This is how Hebei Province came into being. In the subsequent dynasties the name and confines of the province changed a great deal. In 1928 it was renamed as Hebei Province.
Hebei Local Products
Hebei Province is one of the main wheat-producing areas in China. Oil-bearing plants, fibre plants, sugar beets, tobacco and cotton are thefive main cash crops of province. The apples of Changli, pears of Zhaoxian Couty, honey peaches of Shenzhou, white grapes of Xuanhua and chestnuts of Zunhua are famous fruits of the province. Prawns and crabs from Bohai Sea and carps from Baiyangdian Lake are the best liked aquatic products.

The Great Wall" white grape wine and "Drunken Liuling" are famous wines of the province. The northern region of Zhangjiakou is pastureland which produces the best horses and sheepskin. Mushrooms from Guyuan and other counties in the northern region of Zhangjiakou are also very famous.

The traditional arts and crafts of Hebei Province include golden thread tapestry of Zhuoxian County, stone carvings of Quyang, shell paintings of Qinhuangdao, horse saddles of northern Zhangjiakou, ink slabs of Yishui, straw weavings of Chengde, ceramics of Handan and porcelain of Tanshan. Tanshan produces a great variety of porcelain of daily use and decorative porcelain. Its famous white jade porcelain is as white as snow and as bright as white jades. Its glazed colour porcelain has an exotic style and elegant design. Handan used to be one of the five big porcelain kilns in the Song Dynasty. Apart from imitations of the Song porcelain, it also produces porcelain of daily use and decorative porcelain. The best known is the ivory-like porelain.

Cities in Hebei Province
Places of Interests and Tourist Attractions: Hebei
The Mausoleum of Martyrs in the North China Military Area
This mausoleum is situated in the western suburbs of Shijiazhuang. The area, covering more than 200,000 square meters, is dotted with pine and cypress trees. More than seven hundred martyrs who laid down their lives for the cause of the liberation of China were buried here.

On the left flank of the mausoleum is the tomb of Dr. Norman Bethune, the great internationalist fighter from Canada. A life-size statue of Dr. Bethune stands if front of the tomb. On the east flank of the mausoleum are the tomb and statue of Doctor Dwarkanath Shantaram Kotnis, a friend of China from India. Both men came to china in late 1930s to help the Chinese people in their War of Resistance against Japan and died in China.

Zhaozhou Bridge
This bridge was built on the Jiaohe River about 2.5 kilometers south of Zhaoxian County, which was called Zhaozhou in ancient times. The bridge was constructed in A.D. 605 - 616. Designed by a well-known Chinese mason, Li Chun, it is made of stone, 50.82 meters long and 10 meters wide, with an unusual arch that is 7.23 meters high with a span of 37.35 meters. The stone railing and columns on the bridge were carved with beautiful dragon and phoenix designs. One of the earliest Chinese arch bridges with a long open-spandrel arch in the middle and two smaller arches on each side, this bridge occupies an important place in the history of Chinese bridge building and has been of interest to tourists and engineers alike.

Cangyan Mountain
This mountain is situated 78 kilometers southwest of the city. With its pleasant weather and towering ancient trees, it is a popular mountain resort.

Dating from the Sui Dynasty more than 1,400 years ago, Cangyan resort boasts magnificent pavilions and monasteries, as well as an architecturally ingenious palace constructed between two sheer rocks high above a gorge.

Fortune Celebration Temple (Fuqingsi) in Cangyan contains a particularly fine statue of Princess Nan Yang, allegedly the eldest daughter of the Sui Dynasty Emperor Yang (A.D. 604-618) who became a nun here.

Great Prosperity Monastery (Longxingsi)
This monastery, situated in Zhengding County of Hebei Province, dated from A.D 586 in the sixth year of the rule of emperor Kai of the Sui Dynasty. Its three-storied main building, the Great Benevolence Pavilion (Dabeige) has five eaves and contains a twenty-two-meter-high bronze statue of a Goddess of Mercy with forty-two arms. A collection of historical monuments, tablets, statues, and other relics of the Shijiazhuang area can also be found here.

Zhangbei, a county in Hebei province, is one of the best getaways during summer, offering cool weather and refreshing air. It is also one of the most accessible destinations from Beijing - only three hours' drive away.


Hebei  Related Article and Report Links

Shijiazhuang, capital of Hebei province, has a glorious name closely connected with the birth of New China.

Xibaipo about 90 km from urban Shijiazhuang was before a little-known village, but it has become a revolutionary shrine, the site where headquarters of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was established after it moved from northwest Shaanxi province in 1948.

The village was home to the CPC's top leaders, though for less than one year and witnessed momentous days in contemporary Chinese history.

After the People's Liberation Army swept across China, a historic Party conference was held at Xibaipo before founders of the New China set off for Beijing.

Shijiazhuang was also the site of other firsts in New China.

The city hosted the inception of modern China's financial system as the birthplace of the currency renminbi. The People's Bank of China, the nation's central bank, was also begun there.

Instead of resting on its historic laurels, Shijiazhuang has made marked progress in economic growth and city construction in recent years.

Its gross domestic product (GDP) hit 239.3 billion yuan in 2007 for a per capita GDP standing of 25,144 yuan. Foreign trade volume reached $5.1 billion last year.

The booming economy has fueled the city's construction.

Local authorities have strengthened infrastructure construction and expanded green coverage, seeking to create a friendly environment.

Situated on the rim of the Bohai Bay and neighboring Beijing and Tianjin, the capital of Hebei province has a location of strategic significance and is growing into a key transportation center.

It has a widespread road network, air service to more than 20 domestic cities and 10 international cargo routes and one of China's three biggest cargo railway stations.

To further enhance its appeal to visitors and improve the living environment for locals, the city government has mounted a series of projects to improve its appearance and ecology.

After years of effort, it has new green areas and a recently restored 57-km section of river with 22 parks.

A number of landmarks, public facilities and residential communities developed in recent years have also contributed to rejuvenating the city.

The efforts won the city an award presented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development last year.

Another asset is the city's pool of human resources. It is home to 67 research institutes and 34 universities and colleges, including seven experts from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

In addition to intellectual support, Shijiazhuang is also proud of its role in contribution to elevating the performance of Chinese national table tennis team.

As a national ping-pong training center, the city has hosted intense training and international competitions.

National teams from Germany, Japan, France, Italy and Australia are among those training at the site.

Shijiazhuang has now forged relationships with more than 20 foreign cities and exchanged cooperation in economics, technology and culture with 192 countries and regions.

Thirteen Fortune 500 companies have made investments in the city.

(China Daily July 29.2008)



 Hebei Useful Links and Sites
 China's Administrative Divisions
4 Municipalities

23 Provinces

5 Autonomous Regions

2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR)

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