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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Hebei Province Shijiazhuang

China City Information: Shijiazhuang

Shijiazhuang Basics
  Area (City) 456 square km
  Area (Metro) 15,848 square km
Population: 9.8 million in 2009 (2.31 million in urban areas)
Coordinates: 37°27'-38°47'N  113°30'-115°20'E
Local Time:  
January Average  Temperature: 2.9°C (37.22°F)
July Average  Temperature: 26.5°C (79.7°F)
Average Frost Free Days: 197 days/ year
Average Elevation: 30-100 meters
Annual Rainfall: 570 mm
Annual Sunshine: 1,916-2,571 hours
Phone Area Code: 0311
Postal Code: 050000
A Brief Introduction of Shijiazhuang

Shijiazhuang, also called Shimen in history, is the capital of Hebei Province 280 km (174 miles) southwest of Beijing. It is a major railroad junction for northern China, and home of China’s largest pharmaceutical factor and a center for the study of traditional Chinese medicine.

Shijiazhuang was little more than a village until the beginning of the 20th century, when it became a transit point on the railway from Beijing to Wuhan in the south. Construction of a second rail line between nearby Zhengding and the northern city of Taiyuan in 1907 led to further expansion of the city. Since the founding of the People’s Republic in 1949, Shijiazhuang has become a political and economic center of Hebei Province, and a center of the pharmaceutical industry.

The Mausoleum of Martyrs in the North China Military Area
This mausoleum is situated in the western suburbs of Shijiazhuang. The area, covering more than 200,000 square meters, is dotted with pine and cypress trees. More than seven hundred martyrs who laid down their lives for the cause of the liberation of China were buried here.

On the left flank of the mausoleum is the tomb of Dr. Norman Bethune, the great internationalist fighter from Canada. A life-size statue of Dr. Bethune stands if front of the tomb. On the east flank of the mausoleum are the tomb and statue of Doctor Dwarkanath Shantaram Kotnis, a friend of China from India. Both men came to china in late 1930s to help the Chinese people in their War of Resistance against Japan and died in China.

Zhaozhou Bridge
This bridge was built on the Jiaohe River about 2.5 kilometers south of Zhaoxian County, which was called Zhaozhou in ancient times. The bridge was constructed in A.D. 605 - 616. Designed by a well-known Chinese mason, Li Chun, it is made of stone, 50.82 meters long and 10 meters wide, with an unusual arch that is 7.23 meters high with a span of 37.35 meters. The stone railing and columns on the bridge were carved with beautiful dragon and phoenix designs. One of the earliest Chinese arch bridges with a long open-spandrel arch in the middle and two smaller arches on each side, this bridge occupies an important place in the history of Chinese bridge building and has been of interest to tourists and engineers alike.

Cangyan Mountain
This mountain is situated 78 kilometers southwest of the city. With its pleasant weather and towering ancient trees, it is a popular mountain resort.

Dating from the Sui Dynasty more than 1,400 years ago, Cangyan resort boasts magnificent pavilions and monasteries, as well as an architecturally ingenious palace constructed between two sheer rocks high above a gorge.

Fortune Celebration Temple (Fuqingsi) in Cangyan contains a particularly fine statue of Princess Nan Yang, allegedly the eldest daughter of the Sui Dynasty Emperor Yang (A.D. 604-618) who became a nun here.

Great Prosperity Monastery (Longxingsi)
This monastery, situated in Zhengding County of Hebei Province, dated from A.D 586 in the sixth year of the rule of emperor Kai of the Sui Dynasty. Its three-storied main building, the Great Benevolence Pavilion (Dabeige) has five eaves and contains a twenty-two-meter-high bronze statue of a Goddess of Mercy with forty-two arms. A collection of historical monuments, tablets, statues, and other relics of the Shijiazhuang area can also be found here.




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