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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Jiangxi Province

China City and Province:
Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

location of Jiangxi province
Location of Jiangxi Province

Area:   160,000 square km
Population:   44.57 million (2010 census)
Capital City:   Nanchang
Local Time  
Geography of Jiangxi
Situated at the south of the mid-lower reaches of the Yangtse River, Jiangxi Province borders on Zhejiang and Fujian in the east, Hunan in the west and Guangdong in the south. To the north, it is facing Hubei and Anhui province across the Yangtse River. With an area of over 160.000 square Kilometers, Jiangxi has a population of 43.39 million (by end of 2006) belonging to the Han, Miao, She, Yao and other nationalities. Its capital city is Nanchang.
Climate of Jiangxi
Jangxi has a subtropical monsoon-type climate with wet summer and dry autumn, cloudy winter and cold spring. The average annual temperature is between 16ºC and 20 ºC (60.8 ºF and 68 ºF), the coldest month, January, is 3ºC-9ºC (37.4 ºF and 48.2 ºF), while the hottest, July, is 27ºC-31ºC (80.6 ºF and 87.8 ºF) with a highest temperature in the Poyanghu Basin. While the average annual rainfall is between 1,200 mm and 1,900 mm, it has intermittent drizzles in spring and rainstorms in summer but much less rainfall in autumn.
Brief History of Jiangxi
Jiangxi was under the states of Chu in the Spring and Autumn Period. In 733 A.D. Jiangnan Dao (an ancient administrative division) was divided into two parts, the eastern Dao and western Dao. The western Dao was called Jiangxi (west of the Yangtze River) for short, hence its name. It was named Jiangxi province in Qing Dynasty (1368-1644), which has remain ever since. The Jinggang Mountains were the first rural revolutionary base area set up by the late Chairman Mao Zedong in 1927; Nanchang, a heroic city where the " August 1st" Uprising took place in 1927, the day is regarded as the founding of People's Liberation Army (PLA); Ruijin, the site for the central work-peasant democratic government during the Second Revolutionary War; and Anyuan, one of the birthplace of the Chinese worker's movement led by Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi.
Jiangxi Local Products
The major cash crops in Jiangxi are tea and hemps—jute and ramie. The white grass linen made from ramie in Yichun and Wanzai are of best quality. Tea grows mainly in the hilly areas in the north. Such tea like "Ninghong" from Wuning, "Wulu" from Wuyuan and "Yunwu" from Mt. Lushan are all well know in China.
Equally famous are Guangchang white lotus seeds and Nanfeng
tangerines. Besides, Fuzhou watermelon, Shangrao pear, Ganxian persimmon and Nankang shaddock also enjoy a good fame. Jingdezhen is world-renewed for its porcelain. Today, a new generation of porcelain—artistic or for industrial use -- is being developed. In addition, there are such handicrafts as bamboo and wood crafts, embroidery and special craft, etc.
Jiangxi  Local Cuisine
Based on Nanchang and Ganzhou schools, the Jiangxi food is characterized by its fine local ingredients and special culinary arts (including broiling, steaming, stir-frying, stewing, braising and rice-power steaming). The food is widely acceptable as it is tasty, oily but not rich and neither too salty nor too hot. Xinya Restaurant in Nanchang is noted for its delicately cooked, brightly coloured and savoury local specialities, Xinguiyuan, Shixianlou and Dongfanghong are also first class restaurants in Nanchang.
Places of Interests and Tourist Attractions: Jiangxi
Standing on the east side of Lake Poyang, Jingdezhen, a provincial municipality of Jiangxi, is among the 24 historical and cultural cities first named by the state and known in the world as the "city of porcelain". It began to make porcelain in the Han Dynasty, and late became the imperial kiln of Emperor Jingde in the Song Dynasty.

Lushan tourist area
With Mt. Lushan as its centre, it includes other scenic spots in Jiujiang, Xingzi, Hukou and Pengze, plus part of Lake Poyang and Changjiang River. Towering between the Changjiang River and Lake Poyang, Mt Lushan, counting as one of the most picturesque landscapes in China, is well-known for its natural beauty and pleasant climate. It is good both for sightseeing and recuperation

Lushan Botanic Garden
Set up in 1934, this subtropical mountain botanic garden contains more than 3,400 species of plants, from both China and other countries, and has a collection of over 100,000 plant specimen. Besides, some 10,000 met sequoias, known as the fossil plant, are growing in it. The botanic garden has contacts with over 200 institutions in 53 countries.The Donglin Monastery, White Deer Scholars' House, Jiujiang Mist-and-Water Pavilion, Hukou Stone Bell Mountian, Pengze Dragon Palace Cave, etc. are also tourist attraction in the area.

Mt. Jinggang:
Lying on the middle section of Luoxiao Mountain Rang, Mt. Jinggang was the first rural revolutionary base area created by Comrade Mao Zedong and the cradle of the Chinese revolution. Today, its wonderful landscape is attracting many visitors. The following places on Mt. Jinggang are good for sightseeing: Ciping, Wudashaokou, Dajing, Xiaojing, Huang'ao and the waterfall at Five-Dragon Pool.


Jiangxi Related Article and Report Links



 Jiangxi Useful Links and Sites



 China's Administrative Divisions
4 Municipalities

23 Provinces

5 Autonomous Regions

2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR)

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