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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta

China Information: Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta

The Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta
The Zhujiang (also known as the Pearl) River is the fourth longest river in China, formed by the confluence of the Dongjiang, Beijing and Xijiang rivers flowing down from Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. The Zhujiang River Delta is located at the entrance of the South China Sea, where it covers 40,000 square kilometres. Thirty-one cities and counties, including Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Guangzhou, are located in the immediate region. The area has a population of 20 million.

Lying in the subtropical zone, the delta receives plenty of rain-fall and its temperature is so mild that it seldom falls below zero centigrade even in the winter. An extensive network of rivers allows inland shipping to flourish.

The delta teems with rich, sugarcane, jute, various flowers and fruit, silkworms, and other special crops used to make famous brand-name products. Local industries include sugar refining, silk weaving, iron and steel, ship building and chemicals. The Zhujiang River Delta has favourable conditions for developing foreign trade because of its convenient transportation network, and its proximity to Hong Kong, Macao and other islands on the South China Sea.

As a major industrial city, Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, has been the host of china’s Imports and Exports Commodity Fair, held twice a year since 1957. At present, more attention is being given to finance, trade, energy, transportation, and new technology, turning Guangzhou into an international metropolis.

Almost 20 years ago, Guangdong was one of the first provinces to implement China’s opening policy. The Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was built on the site of a small fishing village. Now as a window to the outside world, the Shenzhen and Zhuhai special economic zones have set an example for the delta on how to develop technology and export-led industries. The cities of Zhongshan, Dongguan, Shunde and Nanhai have been nicknamed the “Four Little Tigers” of Guangdong Province, because of their rapid economic growth and improved living standards.

Situated on the eastern estuary of the Zhujiang River, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People’s Republic of China is an international trade and financial center, surpassed only by New York and London. Hong Kong was handed over to China on July 1, 1997, after it had been occupied by Britain for 156 years.


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Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta Area Map

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