Shenyang (also called Shengjing, Fengtian in the past) is the
Liaoning Province, about 500 miles
north of Beijing. The city used to be known as Mukden, a name used
by the Tartar people who once ruled the area. It has a history of
more than 3,000 years.
the Manchurians seized Beijing in 1644 and established the Qing
dynasty with Beijing as its capital, Mukden became its secondary
capital and remained so far 350 years. Today Shenyang is one of
China's major industrial centers thanks to the rich deposits of
coal, iron ore and nonferrous ore throughout Liaoning Province.
The Imperial Palace in Shenyang is now a museum, displaying
historical artifacts of the Qing Dynasty. At one time it served as
the Imperial Palace of Emperors Nu Er Ha Chi and Huang Tai Ji. It
covers an area of 15 acres, with 300 rooms in 70 buildings,
dispersed in a dozen courtyards. The Palace is the best preserved
cluster of imperial structures in the country next only to the
Forbidden City in Beijing. Resembling the latter in style and
layout, it is characterized by the combination of architectural
styles of Man and Han nationalities.
The Bei Ling Northern Imperial Tomb to the north of Shenyang was
built in 1643. Covering an area of 1,113 acres, it is where Emperor
Shunzhi's father, Huang Tai Ji, and mother, Bo Er Ji Ji, were
buried. Once the exclusive domain of the Imperial family of the Qing
Dynasty, it is now a magnificent public park.
To the east, the Dong Ling (Eastern Imperial Tomb) is where the
first emperor of the Qing Dynasty, Nu Er Ha Chi, and his wife were
buried. The grounds are pleasant and attractive, with flowers,
shrubs, and many ancient trees.